Ergonomic rucksack design for elementary school students in Indonesia to minimise low back pain
Johanna Renny Octavia Hariandja, Bagus Arthaya, & Nana Suryani, Parahyangan Catholic University
Extra to paper in D. de Waard, K.A. Brookhuis, R. van Egmond, and Th. Boersema (Eds.) (2005), Human Factors in Design, Safety, and Management (pp. 251 – 262). Maastricht, the Netherlands: Shaker Publishing.
Figure 1. Relevant anthropometric data of Indonesian elementary school students for rucksack design
Figure 2. Sketch drawings of the new rucksack design
Figure 3. Prototype of the new rucksack design
Figure 4. Free body diagram of applied forces at the back during the use of rucksacks