Ergonomic rucksack design for elementary school students in Indonesia to minimise low back pain

Ergonomic rucksack design for elementary school students in Indonesia to minimise low back pain

Johanna Renny Octavia Hariandja, Bagus Arthaya, & Nana Suryani, Parahyangan Catholic University

Extra to paper in D. de Waard, K.A. Brookhuis, R. van Egmond, and Th. Boersema (Eds.) (2005), Human Factors in Design, Safety, and Management (pp. 251 – 262). Maastricht, the Netherlands: Shaker Publishing.

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Figure 1. Relevant anthropometric data of Indonesian elementary school students for rucksack design

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Figure 2. Sketch drawings of the new rucksack design

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Figure 3. Prototype of the new rucksack design

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Figure 4. Free body diagram of applied forces at the back during the use of rucksacks